Life Insurance is a contractual agreement between an policy holder and insurance company where the insurer contractually agrees to pay the designated beneficiary of the policy a sum of money (the benefit) in exchange for a premium, upon the death of an insured person (often the policy holder). The policy holder pays a premium to have coverage for a larger amount up front should death occur shortly after the policy is initiated.
Life Insurance policies are legally contracted agreements whereby the terms of the contract describe limitations of the insured events. The main premium cost factors include health, age and family history.
Life Insurance comes in Two Types:
Temporary Life Insurance (Term Life Insurance)
Term Life insurance is typically used for short term or temporary needs; for example, to provide financial protection while family raising a young family. Term Insurance provides financial stability in the event of your death so that those who depend on you will have the financial means to:
- Cover debts such as mortgages, car loans, business and personal loans
- Improved option to Mortgage Insurance
- Replace the income you provided to your family
- Provide for your children’s education expenses (for example, future school funding)
- Funding for your spouse’s retirement plan
Term life insurance comes typically in duration terms of your choice. Premiums are guaranteed for that period of time and they will renew at a higher rate for the next term period.
Permanent Life Insurance (Universal Life and Whole Life)
Permanent life insurance provides coverage for your entire life, not just for a specific timeframe such as term insurance. Your premiums, in most cases, will remain the same during the time you are covered, unless the owner chooses otherwise. With Permanent Insurance, you will have lifelong life insurance coverage with no need for future medical checks, unless you choose to increase your life insurance coverage or change your policy.
There are two types of permanent life insurance: Whole Life and Universal Life. Both types of policies offer life insurance coverage until death with the added benefit of investment cash values that carry tax benefits which can be used through the policy owners’ life.
Permanent life insurance offers many benefits as part of your financial plan, including:
- Estate planning
- Leaving a legacy to your partner, family and loved ones
- Tax benefits, and cash values
- Retirement savings, including the Insured Retirement Program
Life insurance, both term and permanent, can be personally owned or corporately owned. Corporate owned life insurance is used for the needs of buy/sell agreements, key person insurance and the Insured Retirement Program.